Many people mistake osteoporosis and some types of arthritis. This fact sheet discusses the similarities and differences between these conditions. Osteoporosis is a disorder where the bones become less dense and more likely to fracture. In the United States, more than 53 million people either curently have osteoporosis or are at high risk due to low bone mass. In osteoporosis, there’s a loss of bone tissues that leaves bones less dense and more likely to fracture.

It can lead to a lack of height, severe back pain, and change in one’s position. Osteoporosis can impair a person’s ability to walk and can cause prolonged or long term disability. Thinness or small frame. Family history of the condition. Being postmenopausal and having experienced early menopause especially. Abnormal lack of menstrual periods (amenorrhea). Prolonged use of certain medications, such as those used to treat lupus, asthma, thyroid deficiencies, and seizures. Insufficient physical exercise.

Osteoporosis is actually a silent disease since it can progress undetected for quite some time without symptoms until a fracture occurs. Osteoporosis is diagnosed by a bone nutrient density test, which is a safe and painless way to detect low bone density. Although there is absolutely no cure for the disease, the U.S. Drug and Food Administration has approved several medications to prevent and treat osteoporosis.

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In addition, an eating plan abundant with vitamin and calcium mineral D, regular weight-bearing exercise, and a healthy lifestyle can prevent or lessen the effects of the disease. Arthritis is a general term for conditions that influence the joint parts and surrounding tissues. Joints are places in the body where bones get together, such as the knees, wrists, fingers, toes, and sides. Two common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a painful, degenerative osteo-arthritis that often involves the hips, knees, neck, lower back, or small joint parts of the hands. OA usually develops in joints that are injured by repeated overuse from performing a particular task or playing a favorite sport or from carrying around excess body weight.

Eventually this injury or repeated impact thins or wears away the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bone fragments in the joint. As a total result, the bones rub together, leading to a grating sensation. Joint versatility is reduced, bony spurs develop, and the joint swells. Usually, the first indicator of OA is pain that worsens following immobility or exercise. Arthritis rheumatoid (RA) can be an autoimmune inflammatory disease that always involves various joints in the fingers, thumbs, wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, feet, and ankles. An autoimmune disease is one where the physical body produces enzymes that assault its own healthy cells. In RA, these enzymes destroy the linings of joints. This causes pain, swelling, stiffness, malformation, and reduced function and movement.