I don’t quite realize why more and more people (even philosophers) find subjectivism in looks so convincing… Perhaps I used to, but I became a philosopher then and since have found myself thinking why this doctrine is so pervasive. Subjectivism is the view that there are no bad or good artwork, its all subjective (relativistic). With regard to art, things such as beauty and position may be true given a variety of opinion even. No one can agree on what is ‘good’ art and what’s ‘bad.’ This does sometimes appear to be true, with movies or abstract art especially. But is this true really.
Many times it holds true, but many times it isn’t. Lots of the people who claim the artwork is subjective, will avoid going to see a “bad” movie-and they aren’t the only ones. Movies and other arts forms can be seen nearly as good and bad by a genuine number of differing people, i.e. whether a book, or movie has a good tale. If we really believed this about movies and other kinds of art, what would be the idea of movie and book reviews and art critics? Of course this doesn’t mean they may be always accurate, or that disagreements don’t exist.
It is quite that there surely is more of a consensus than the subjectivist could have us believe. But why don’t we suppose this isn’t true. Let us suppose that there aren’t a number of times when consumers and critics can forecast popularity/unpopularity with regard to specific works of art. Why don’t we also guess that no two different people see a similar thing about any one artwork. This would only prove that a number of individuals believe different things. If everyone disagreed about the existence of the sun, it wouldn’t all of a sudden vanish. Quite simply, something can be true indie of what people believe.
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This hardly proves subjectivism. 2. The specifications for deciding what is “good” artwork and what isn’t aren’t very clear. This appears to be a very bad objection to the notion of objectively deciding between good and bad art. That is a requirements issue rather than lacking a metaphysical basis for making a declare that a piece of artwork is good or bad.
But it is greater than a general-criteria issue. It is about an empirical-criteria concern; there is nothing we can point to to make the judgment that or that piece of art is good. Ultimately, the nagging problem with aesthetic subjectivism is that it’s inconsistent. Lots of the reasons given for aesthetic subjectivism could easily be given for religious, empirical, and ethical subjectivism, and yet they are not, which is why arguments for visual subjectivity don’t work partially.
What requirements can we use to justify sense perception, WITHOUT begging the relevant question? One need only look back again to days gone by the history of philosophy to understand how hard such an activity would be, unless one is prepared to beg the question. Obviously far fewer folks have questioned the basis for making perceptual judgments rather than aesthetic judgments, but this doesn’t make perceptual judgments any longer grounded; truth isn’t made a decision by numbers. It can demonstrate an inconsistency, in that people who lack a solid basis for making “objective” perceptual judgments, use the lack of requirements as a criticism of aesthetic judgments.
I am not preserving that one cannot make perceptual judgments, but instead that one may make aesthetic judgments; at least some of the right time. Some who advocate subjectivism also mistake the notion of something being subjective with something being certain, private, or individual. Something can be sure and private or individual yet.
Something can be private yet not specific or certain. Then one can be individual without having to be certain or private. These types of subjectivism need to be distinguished. We can take subjective encounters to be very certain also, ie. There are many others, but they are just as weak as the two “defenses” of aesthetic subjectivism already discussed. It is not unreasonable to maintain that at least on the few occasions, valid aesthetic judgments can be made- it’s not all individually-subjective!